- Correct Water Temperature.
Hot water is essential for washing heavily soiled secondary coating line. The water should be delivered to the washer at 140 to 160F. Hot water releases deeply embedded dirt quickly by opening up the fibers, dissolves detergents rapidly, and helps sanitize clothes. Warm water is for washing more delicate fabrics and lightly soiled articles and for rinsing clothes. Warm water softens synthetic fibers less, prevents setting excess wrinkles, preserves special finishes, and protects nonfast colors. Cold water is used for washing very delicate or lightly soiled items. Cold rinse water helps to prevent excess wrinkles in wash-and-wear garments.
- Soft Water.
Hard water is the biggest reason for unsatisfactory washing results, by any washing method. The minerals in the water combine with soap and soil to form soap curd. This soap curd turns clothes gray, makes fabrics harsh and stiff, and causes fabrics to wear out sooner. Ideally, soft water should be used for both washing and rinsing, for the curdlike substance may form during either process. Water may be softened with a mechanical water softener, by adding a packaged water conditioner, or with a combination of the two.
- Right Amount of Detergent.
Since there is such a wide variety of soil within a load of clothes and between loads, it is difficult to stat an exact amount of detergent to use. As a general rule, in the top-loading machine follow the detergent manufacturer’s recommendations for the amount of detergent; then adjust the amount according to needs. Remember the following points.
a. As the hardness of the water increases, the amount of detergent needs to be increased.
b. As the amount of soil increases, the amount of detergent needs to be increased.
c. As the size of the load increases, the amount of detergent needs to be increased.
d. Be sure to measure the detergent.
Preparation of the Washer Loads
Here are several important factors to remind you about the preparation of loads for your automatic washer appliance.
- Check labels on garments for special instructions.
- Sort clothes carefully by degree of soil, type of fabric, colorfastness, and special handling.
- Mend rips and tears before washing.
- Remove spots and stains. A stain-removal chart is usually found in the care and use booklet.
- Pretreat heavily soiled areas such as collars and cuffs by brushing a concentrated detergent solution into the fabric with a soft-bristled brush, sponge, or fingertips. To make solution, dissolve granular detergent in water. Use the same detergent for pretreating and washing.
- Remove shoulder pads and nonwashable or delicate trim.
- Place very delicate or linty articles in mesh laundry bags.
- Clean out all pockets, brush dirt from cuffs, close zippers, fasten hooks, ties, belts and apron strings into bow knots.
Loading the Washer
For best results, no more than two double bed sheets or two equally large articles should be used in a large load. The rest of the load can be made up of smaller items. Mixed loads of large and small pieces give the best washing action. Large, bulky items such as chenille spreads and blankets are best washed alone.
Conditioning is recommended for clothes which have become harsh or grey from soap or detergent that has not been completely rinsed from them. This is one of the most frequent washability complaints. It may be necessary to condition clothes several times before the old soap or detergent is completely removed. The suds that may be noticed are formed by the old soap or detergent that is being pulled from the clothes. Conditioning should be continued until suds do not form in the washer water. Here are some conditioning tips you should be reminded of.